Graham Cluley at Sophos has sounded the alert on malware that partially encrypts your files and asks for ransom for your data’s release. Another demonstration that data encryption software like AlertBoot is extremely effective at protecting data, although an unpalatable one.
Encrypts Media and (Microsoft) Office Files
The malware apparently spreads via “malicious” PDFs, which I assume are PDFs that have had their vulnerabilities exploited to spread around the ransomware. After the malware installs itself on your computer, it will encrypt the following types of files and request $120 for decryption them:
.jpg, .jpeg, .psd, .cdr, .dwg, .max, .mov, .m2v, .3gp, .doc, .docx, .xls, .xlsx, .ppt, .pptx, .rar, .zip, .mdb, .mp3, .cer, .p12, .pfx, .kwm, .pwm, .txt, .pdf, .avi, .flv, .lnk, .bmp, .1cd, .md, .mdf, .dbf, .mdb, .odt, .vob, .ifo, .mpeg, .mpg, .doc, .docx, .xls, and .xlsx.
Cluley notes that the easiest way to ID infected files is to take a look at their extension: if the file name is file_name.ENCODED, then you’ve got a problem on your hands.
Files are not encrypted in their entirety; however, partial encryption of a file is enough to render them useless since the file won’t open.
An interesting aspect of the ransomware is that it alerts you NOT to alert anyone about the fact that your files are encrypted. Plus, it lets you, the victim, know that there is a limited amount of time to send in the $120 before files are deleted (in all likelihood, what they mean is that after X days, they won’t send in that decryption key).
It looks like this latest ransomware is not scareware–i.e., the files are actually encrypted, so there is some bite behind the bark.
Attacks like this one are not new. I had covered a similar wave of ransomware making the rounds over a year ago.
Encryption Software is That Good
At preventing people from accessing data, that is, assuming they don’t have the right access codes for it.
Time will tell whether this latest threat is a “real” one. If I recollect correctly, the earlier ransomware actually had mistakes in its coding that allowed it to be reversed without paying anything to anyone.